Key Performance Indicator in Supply Chain

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Key Performance Indicator in Supply Chain

“Deep learning will revolutionize supply chain automation” by Dave Waters.

Key Performance Indicator is a measure which defines & evaluate how successful an organization is. In today’s highly global & competitive marketplace, most businesses have noticed the value of investing in supplychain improvement. If investments are done, then evaluation of their returns must be there. Due to this, many businesses have also developed metrics that record real-world supply chain transformation performance & track the changes. 

Defining Key Performance Indicator 

KPIs are the evaluative indicators of progress regarding a calculated result. 

  • Performance Indicators defines & measure progress regarding organizational objectives. After analyzing its objectives & mission, an organization requires to measure progress towards these objectives. So, Peroformance Indicators provide a measurement tool.
  • Performance Indicators helps an organization to measure that it’s ‘on track’. In various cases, these  indicators are used in projects and to measure service delivery.

There are so many  indicators available to organizations today ranging from HR, financial, sales & marketing, operations, and so on. But what are the best suited for your organization? KPI’s are about process, not goals.

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Why are KPIs important?

  • It provides a good indication of performance.
  • It’s generally used in business.
  • It’s a metric to define & measure business objectives.

What is Good KPI?

  • Measure what’s intended to be measured to help in better decision making.
  • Offers objective evidence of progress towards attaining a desired outcome.
  • Provides a comparison which measures the degree of performance change over time.
  • Track’s efficiency, timeliness, quality, economics, personnel or project performance, behaviors, resource utilization.
Supply Chain KPI's

Key performance metrics in supply chain provides a center of attention for operational & strategic enhancement, develop an analytical basis for decision making & help focusing on what be the most important activity.

Difference Between KPI & Metrics

  • Both  are not identical. A metric is used to measure supply chain performance measurement of the particular part of a supply network operation. It can be this simple as the departure time of a transport or the correct completion of a document.
  • While KPI is a metric that you have chosen that will provide an indication of your performance & can be utilized as a driver for improvement. In general it’s preferred to select a few indicators (say 4 or 5) to concentrate on.

So, not all metrics are KPIs but all KPIs are metrics. At most the essential metrics can progress to become KPIs.

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Some Important Supply Chain Metrics

Supply chain performance metrics can help recognize the weak links in the supply network. Part of the challenge is trying to riddle out the connection between what you’re measuring & the objectives of the organization. There are so many different things that you can measure, but the essential thing is finding out the (1-5) things that you can measure, that you can measure daily, and that will really push your organization forward from a customer & shareholder perspective for a better organization transformation.

So how can an organization best select & implement indicators that enhance operational performance & drive business strategy? In another words, how do they know it’s profitable?  

Let’s examine 2 different types of performance indicators associated with process efficiency and cost effectiveness. Process efficiency key indicators gauges the performance of supply chain organization. Cost effectiveness key indicators permits for an organization to better manage & gauge their cost-effectiveness performance, both internally & externally. Described below are a few specific performance indicators in supply network & logistics generally used across supply chains to measure quality of products, processes & design, to detect and minimize company risks and improve customer experience.

  1. Inventory Accuracy

It mentions to the in-stock or out-of-stock accuracy of supplier inventory. This indicator should highest possible, showing precise inventory at hand for consumers.

  1. Finished-product, First-pass Quality Surrender for Primary Product

First pass yield measures how many units are finished in the first pass through each & every step in the supply chain with no rework. If an organization doesn’t measure final-product, first-pass yield, it risks high levels of process inefficiency & waste. First-pass yield helps companies to identify high-waste & low-efficiency areas.

  1. % of Defective Parts Per Million

 % of defective parts per million is a KPI which measures the number of defective parts out of complete parts produced. This Performance Indicator in supply network focuses on the quality of the process & output before the product is shipped. The supply chain transformation group has to ensure they are sourcing the right parts to decrease the overall number of defective parts.

  1. Predicting Accuracy KPIs

Information collected through various marketing streams, including #dataanalytics, should be leveraged to create demand forecasts that adapt to changes in the market. For instance, trends on social media might indicate a possible shift in demand, generating a new forecast. 

KPI in Supply Chain & Logistics

In Logistics environment, an example of a business objective may be to add value to the organization by offering the most cost-efficient & service-effective logistics capability. The organization can strive to attain that strategic objective by meeting related, tactical goals, such as having the ability to provide goods delivery on time in any country, obtain the lowest costs for the service being offered. As suggested by its very name, the key performance indicators in supply chain & logistics indicates how well the organization is performing against these & other types of business objectives.

The chosen performance indicators should benefit all parties engaged, not just the party paying for the move. Besides, KPIs should make each of the entities involved in the logistics chain aware of what the complete measurement is & how they contribute to the success (or failure) of the whole supply chain transformation.

Final Word

Supply chains have the capacity to make or break an organization. The delivery colossus is raising expectations of how quickly products can be delivered and how cheaply. As a result, supply chain is becoming more important than ever and they need to be carefully managed for successful transformation in an organization.

Frequently Asked Questions

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